Academy of Scientific Research and Technology established Egyptian Science, Technology and Innovation Observatory (ESTIO) in February 2014 by a decree of the president of the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT) No. 229 of 2014 as a valuable part of its efforts aiming to enhance the development of knowledge-based economy. ESTIO is a key pillar that helps decision-makers develop policies, analyze and set plans, and manage S&T activities.


ESTIO is the main source of analysis and support of science, technology and innovation policies in Egypt. 

Support decision-makers in terms of assessment and management of science, technology and innovation activities in Egypt.


  • Provide decision-makers with up-to-date data and modern trends of science, technology and innovation in order to analyze, plan, fund, and manage policies of science, technology and innovation.
  • Design, measure, analysis, and develop, STI indicators adopting international standards.
  • Develop a set of specific STI composite index to measure the multi-dimensional concepts of science and technology.
  • Monitor scientific and technological development in Egypt.
  • Conduct specific science and technology foresight exercises.
  • Monitor and Evaluate Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policies
  • Measure the performance of research centers and universities, and measure the industrial institutions needs of scientific research.
  • Conduct field studies on science, technology and innovation.


Core Activities

ESTIO measures and analyzes science and technology indicators annually by covering all sectors in Egypt (Higher education sector, government sector, private sector and non-profit entities sector) based on the international standards.

Science and technology indicators: collect and analyze basic S&T data that includes indicators on researchers and their specialties, R&D expenditure volume, patents, and locally and internationally published research papers.
 Innovation indicators are a collection of data related to innovation activities in enterprises in Egypt. It is conducted through implementing the “Egyptian National Innovation Survey” as a general statistical survey that describes and measures the innovation system, and its findings are compared with other countries in order to know the current position of Egypt.



Composite indicator is a value derived from a combination of various indicators based on a theoretical model of a multi-dimensional concept which cannot be captured by a single indicator (e.g. Human Development Indicator (HDI), Global innovation Index (GII)
ESTIO conducts new composite indices for innovation, R&D, and research institutional performance, and reviews the international innovation reports in order to provide a comprehensively integrated overview for STI growth in Egypt compared to the developed countries.
Ongoing project
Arab Countries Innovation Matrix Objectives: Develop a composite index that measures innovation in Arab countries Actors involved: Under the auspices of the European Investment Bank and through the Marseille Center for Mediterranean Integration, and the participation of Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO), and the United Nations Centre ESCWA.


 Foresight is a systematic way of thinking ahead, debating the future, and shaping the future, which is used to measure the growing impact of S&T on society and the limited resources. 
ESTIO conducts specific S&T foresight exercises to generate up-to-date information on global scientific and technological trends.

Ongoing project
Energy Future Project (Egypt Leap)

Objective: development of scenarios for the future of energy in Egypt dealing with both experts and citizens based on science and technology international foresight methodologies.
Implementing Institution: Nile University



ESTIO measures the performance of research organizations (research centers and universities) to identify the strengths and weaknesses and help decision-makers develop an appropriate mechanism leading to enhancement of the research performance and to reduce the gap between scientific research and industry.
Ongoing project
Evaluating the performance of research centers and universities
Objective: Measure the performance of the Egyptian research centers and universities in order to identify strengths and weaknesses and to help decision-makers develop appropriate mechanisms to reduce the gap between industry and research institutions.
Implementing Institution: CDC